Low Blood Pressure Chart: Understanding And Managing Hypotension

Health check Farmstrong Live Well Farm Well

Do you ever feel dizzy, lightheaded, or faint when you stand up too quickly? Do you often feel tired, weak, or confused for no apparent reason? These symptoms could be signs of low blood pressure, also known as hypotension. While high blood pressure is a well-known health concern, low blood pressure is often overlooked or dismissed as a minor issue. However, hypotension can cause serious health problems, especially in older adults or people with underlying medical conditions. In this article, we will discuss what low blood pressure is, what causes it, and how to measure and manage it using a low blood pressure chart.

What is Low Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps it around your body. A healthy blood pressure range is usually between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. However, if your blood pressure drops below 90/60mmHg, you may have low blood pressure or hypotension. Low blood pressure can reduce the blood flow and oxygen supply to your organs, such as your brain, heart, and kidneys, which can lead to various symptoms and complications.

What are the Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure?

Low blood pressure can cause a wide range of symptoms, depending on the severity and duration of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fainting or near-fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
  • Rapid or shallow breathing
  • Cold, clammy, or pale skin
  • Low urine output

If you experience any of these symptoms, especially if they occur frequently or suddenly, you should see a doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions that may be causing your low blood pressure.

What Causes Low Blood Pressure?

Low blood pressure can be caused by various factors, such as:

  • Dehydration or blood loss
  • Heart problems, such as bradycardia or heart attack
  • Hormonal imbalances, such as hypothyroidism or Addison’s disease
  • Medications, such as diuretics, beta-blockers, or antidepressants
  • Pregnancy or postpartum period
  • Severe infection or allergic reaction
  • Nervous system disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease or multiple system atrophy
  • Genetic factors

Your doctor may perform some diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), or tilt table test, to determine the underlying cause of your low blood pressure.

How to Measure Low Blood Pressure?

To measure your blood pressure, you need a blood pressure monitor, which can be either manual or automatic. The monitor consists of a cuff, a gauge, and a stethoscope or microphone. Here are the steps to measure your blood pressure correctly:

  1. Rest for at least 5 minutes before taking your blood pressure.
  2. Sit in a comfortable chair with your back supported and your feet flat on the floor.
  3. Roll up your sleeve and place the cuff around your upper arm, with the bottom edge about 1 inch above your elbow.
  4. Secure the cuff snugly, but not too tight.
  5. Place the stethoscope or microphone over the brachial artery on the inside of your elbow.
  6. Inflate the cuff by squeezing the bulb or pushing the button until the gauge reads about 30 points above your expected systolic pressure.
  7. Slowly release the pressure by opening the valve or releasing the button, and listen for the first sound (systolic pressure) and the disappearance of sound (diastolic pressure).
  8. Record your blood pressure reading in mmHg, with the systolic pressure (top number) first and the diastolic pressure (bottom number) second, such as 110/70mmHg.

It’s important to measure your blood pressure regularly, especially if you have a history of low blood pressure or are taking medications that can affect your blood pressure.

Low Blood Pressure Chart: What Do the Numbers Mean?

A low blood pressure chart can help you interpret your blood pressure readings and monitor your condition over time. Here is a sample low blood pressure chart:

Low Blood Pressure Chart

Blood Pressure Category Systolic Pressure (mmHg) Diastolic Pressure (mmHg)
Hypotension Less than 90 Less than 60
Normal 90-119 60-79
Elevated 120-129 Less than 80
High Blood Pressure (Stage 1) 130-139 80-89
High Blood Pressure (Stage 2) 140 or higher 90 or higher

If your blood pressure falls into the hypotension category, you may need to take some steps to raise your blood pressure and prevent complications. However, if your blood pressure is consistently low but you don’t have any symptoms or health problems, your doctor may recommend monitoring your blood pressure without treatment.

How to Manage Low Blood Pressure?

Managing low blood pressure depends on the underlying cause and severity of your condition. Here are some general tips to help you manage your low blood pressure:

  1. Drink plenty of water and other fluids to prevent dehydration.
  2. Avoid standing up or sitting up too quickly to prevent orthostatic hypotension.
  3. Eat a balanced and healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  4. Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco, which can lower your blood pressure.
  5. Exercise regularly, but avoid intense or prolonged physical activity that can cause hypotension.
  6. Wear compression stockings or abdominal binders to improve blood flow.
  7. Take medications as prescribed by your doctor, but be aware of their potential side effects on your blood pressure.
  8. Monitor your blood pressure regularly and report any changes or symptoms to your doctor.

It’s important to work closely with your doctor to manage your low blood pressure, especially if you have any underlying medical conditions or are taking medications that can affect your blood pressure.


Low blood pressure is a common but often overlooked health concern that can cause various symptoms and complications. Using a low blood pressure chart can help you understand your blood pressure readings and monitor your condition over time. By following the tips and strategies discussed in this article, you can manage your low blood pressure and improve your overall health and well-being. If you have any questions or concerns about your blood pressure, don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor or healthcare provider. Remember, your blood pressure is a key indicator of your cardiovascular health, so it’s important to take it seriously and take action if necessary.

Meet Dr. David Richards, a renowned statistician and expert in the fields of education and health. Dr. Richards is an alumnus of the prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he completed his undergraduate and graduate studies in statistics. Dr. Richards has made significant contributions to the field of statistics, having published numerous articles and research papers in some of the most reputable academic journals. He has also served as a consultant to several government agencies and private organizations, providing insights and analysis on various projects related to education and health. With his vast knowledge and expertise, Dr. Richards has become a trusted authority in statistical analysis. He uses his skills to produce insightful reports, often accompanied by graphics and statistics, that shed light on important issues related to education and health. Dr. Richards' work is highly regarded by his peers, with many of his research papers being cited in academic literature. He is a recipient of several awards and honors, including the prestigious Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). Whether it's analyzing the impact of educational policies or identifying trends in healthcare, Dr. Richards' work is always informative, engaging, and thought-provoking. He is a true expert in his field, and his research and analysis continue to shape the conversation on important issues related to education and health.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *